UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India
The UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India covers forest areas, mountains, lakes, deserts, monuments, buildings, or cities, etc. Those selected by the World Heritage Sites Committee; And this committee oversees these sites under the auspices of UNESCO.
As you know, this world is a family. And protecting this family is our religion. Because if we do not protect it, it will be including it, we have to keep trying something in order to pay it. UNESCO is working with the same ideology
After the most recent release of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India, India has now 38 World Heritage Sites recorded, and that makes India among one of the top nations all-inclusive as far as a few world legacy destinations.
38 Word Heritage Sites in India
- Ajanta Caves
- Ellora Caves
- Agra Fort
- Taj Mahal
- Sun Temple, Konârak
- Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
- Kaziranga National Park
- Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
- Keoladeo National Park
- Churches and Convents of Goa
- Khajuraho Group of Monuments
- Group of Monuments at Hampi
- Fatehpur Sikri
- Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
- Elephanta Caves
- Great Living Chola Temples
- Sundarbans National Park
- Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
- Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
- Humayun’s Tomb
- Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
- Mountain Railways of India
- Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
- Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)
- Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
- Red Fort Complex
- The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
- Western Ghats
- Hill Forts of Rajasthan
- Rani ki vav (The Queen’s Stepwell)
- Great Himalayan National Park
- Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar
- Khangchendzonga National Park
- The Architectural Work Of Le Corbusier
- Historic City of Ahmedabad
- The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai
Let’s start by getting to know all the UNESCO sites. What is their speciality, and why are they included in this list
World Heritage Sites in India list by UNESCO
Some information about World Heritage sites in India
Ajanta caves are about 29 rock-cut Buddhist caves located in Maharashtra, India, dating back to the 2nd century BCE. Excellent specimens of Buddhism depicting and craftsmanship are found here. In addition, live depictions are also found. These caves are adjacent to a village called Ajanta in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra.
Ellora Caves (originally named Verul) is an archaeological site, located 30 km (18.6 m) from Aurangabad, Maharashtra in India.
They were built by the rulers of the Rashtrakuta dynasty. Famous for its memorial caves.
Ellora is the essence of Indian stone craft architecture, there are 34 “caves” which are actually a footpath of a steep steep Charanadri mountain. Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples are built in it. They were built in the fifth and tenth centuries.
There are 17 Hindu caves and 5 Jain caves. 12 Buddhist caves are built around and reflect the religious harmony of their creation.
Agra Fort is a UNESCO-declared World Heritage Site in Agra. This fort is located in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. About 2.5 kilometres north-west of it, the world-famous monument Taj Mahal exists.
Some historians consider this fort to be better known as Prasad Mahal city surrounded by boundary walls.
It is the most important fort in India. The Mughal emperors of India, Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shahjahan, and Aurangzeb lived here and ruled the whole of India from here.
Here was the highest treasury, property, and mint in the state. Foreign ambassadors, travelers and high-ranking people used to come here, who created the history of India
The Taj Mahal is a World Heritage Tomb located in the city of Agra, India. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved and beautiful wife Mumtaz Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is an excellent specimen of Mughal architecture. Its architectural style is a unique fusion of components of Persian, Ottoman, Indian and Islamic architecture.
In 1973, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition, it has been described as one of the best human works ever achieved in World Heritage.
Sun Temple, Konarak
Konark Sun Temple is reputed in the city of Konark, 35 km northeast of Jagannath Puri in the state of Orissa in India. It is one of the few sun temples in India.
This temple was dedicated to Surya Dev, who the locals used to call ‘Biranchi-Narayan’. For this reason, this region was called Ark-Kshetra (Ark = Sun) or (Kshetra = Padma)
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
This Mahabalipuram group of monuments is a collection of 7th and 8th-century Hindu religious monuments, located in Mamallapuram, a coastal city in Tamil Nadu. It is on the Coromandel Coast near the Bay of Bengal. 60 km south of Chennai.
The site has 40 ancient monuments and Hindu temples, including the world’s largest open-air rock relief:
Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the northeastern state of Assam, India. The park is particularly famous for a horned rhinoceros (Indian rhinoceros)
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a national park in the state of Assam located in India.
This sanctuary is a natural world heritage site declared by UNESCO, a tiger reserve project, elephant reserve areas are a reserved biosphere. Located in the foothills of the Himalayas, this sanctuary is near the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan.
The park is known for its rare endemic wildlife such as Assam roofed turtles, herped rabbits, golden langurs, and Peggy hogs. Manas is famous for its population of bison.
Keoladeo National Park
Keoladeo National Park National Park is a noted bird sanctuary located in the state of Rajasthan, India. It was formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Vihar. Thousands of rare and extinct species of birds are found in it
Churches and Convents of Goa
The Church and Convention of Goa are a group of Catholic religious buildings that have always been influential to spread both the faith and their Portuguese style of art and architecture around Asia.
They are all located in Old Goa, which was the capital of the Portuguese Indies since 1565. It was abandoned in 1760 due to an outbreak of malaria disease.
The main buildings which are included are:
- St. Catherine’s Chapel
- Church and Convent of Francis of Assisi
- SE of the cathedral
- Basilica of Bom Jesus
- Church of Saint Cajetan including Madrasa
- Church of Our Lady of the Rosary
- St. Augustine Tower
The Basilica of Bom Jesus contains the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier, a missionary from all over Asia (India, Japan, China), who died in 1552.
He is considered the patron saint of Goa. Once every decade on 3 December, the body is taken for worship and public darshan.
Khajuraho Group of Monuments
Temples were built at Khajuraho during the Chandela dynasty, which reached its aristocracy between 950 and 1050. There are only 20 temples left;
They fall into three different groups and belong to two different religions – Hinduism and Jainism.
It is a unique example of architecture and sculpture. The temple of Kandariya is decorated with a feature of sculptures which are one of the greatest works of Indian art.
Group of Monuments at Hampi
Hampi was the capital of the medieval Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagara Empire. Situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra River, this city is now known as Hampi and now remains only in the form of ruins.
Looking at them, it seems that at some time a rich civilization must have resided here. Located in the state of Karnataka, India
The Vithala temple complex in Hampi is undoubtedly one of the most magnificent monuments. On taping the 56 pillars in its main hall, musical waves emerge from them.
On the eastern side of the hall is the famous rock-chariot which was actually driven by stone wheels. There are many such surprises in Hampi,
Fatehpur Sikri is a city that was established by Mughal emperor Akbar in 1569 in Agra district. It is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Fatehpur Sikri was the capital of the Mughal empire (India) from 1571 to 1585 in the kingdom of Akbar in the Mughal Empire here, then it was evacuated, mainly due to lack of water.
sikri was the princely state of Sikarwar Rajput king who later settled in Kheragarh and Morena district of Madhya Pradesh. Fatehpur Sikri is the best example of Muslim architecture.
The Fatehpur Sikri Mosque is said to be an imitation of the Mecca Masjid and its designs are derived from Hindu and Zoroastrian architecture.
The entrance to the mosque is 58 meters high. Which people know by the name Buland Darwaza, which was built in 1573 AD.
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
Pattadakal memorial complex is located in a town called Pattadakal in the state of Karnataka, India. It is famous for its archaeological importance.
The kings of the Chalukya dynasty built several temples here in the seventh and eighth centuries. Aihole is considered a school of architecture, Badami is called a college and Pattadakal is called a university.
There are a total of ten temples, including a Jain Dharamshala. Surrounded by them are numerous chaityas, places of worship and many incomplete foundations.
The four temples here are of the Dravidian style, four are of the Nagara style and the Papnath temple is of mixed style.
Pattadakal was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1949.
Gharapuri Caves is a site located about 12 km from the Gateway of India, Mumbai in India, which is famous for its artistic caves.
These caves in English are called Elephanta. There are a total of seven caves here. The main cave has 24 pillars, in which Shiva is engraved in many forms.
These sculptures made by cutting the hills are inspired by South Indian sculpture. Its historical name is Gharpuri. The name derives from the original name Agarharpuri. The name Elephanta was given by the Portuguese because of the stone elephant here.
There are idols of many gods and goddesses of Hinduism.
Great Living Chola Temples
The Bahdeshwar temple was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 by UNESCO. Airavateshwara Temple, Darasuram was added to the UNESCO list in 2004.
The site is now named the “Great Living Chola Temple”.
Brihadeeswarar or Brihadeeswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located in Tanjore in Tamil Nadu which was built in the early 11th century. Chola is known as Brihadisvara in the Tamil language.
It was built between 1003-1010 AD by the Chola ruler Rajaraja Chola I.
chola temple is also named after him as the Rajarajeshwar temple. Chola temple was counted among the largest structures in the world of its time.
It is thirteen (13) story building (all Hindu overlords have an odd number of stories.)
that is about 66 meters in height. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Sundarbans National Park
Sundarbans National Park is a tiger protected area, a national park located in the region of the Ganges River in the southern part of the state of West Bengal, India.
The area is surrounded by dense forests of Mangrove and is the largest protected area of the Bengal tiger.
The number of tigers in this national park is around 103. Many species of birds, reptiles, and invertebrates are also found here. Along with these, saltwater crocodiles are also found here.
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Uttarakhand,
India. It has two main areas 20 km apart, Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers National Park, as well as a combined buffer area.
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi
There is a Buddhist monument in Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh. The magnificent relics dedicated to Buddhism were rediscovered in ruins but its glory is still shining.
On a small hill to the north of Bhopal, are some of the oldest and most interesting Buddhist sites in India
Humayun’s tomb building complex is a tomb monument complete with Mughal architecture.
It is located near Mathura Marg in the Nizamuddin East area near Old Fort in New Delhi. During the time of the Ghulam dynasty,
This land used to be in the Kilokari Fort and was the capital of the Then Sultan Kekubad, the son of Naseeruddin (127–126). The main building here is the mausoleum of the Mughal Emperor Humayun and it also has graves of many other royal people including Humayun’s tomb
Qutub Minar and its Monuments, Delhi
This is the world’s tallest tower made of brick, located in Mehrauli part of South Delhi city in India. Its height is 72.5 m (237.86 ft) and the diameter is 14.3 m,
Which goes up to 2.75 m (9.02 ft) at the summit. It has 379 steps. The courtyard built around the tower contains many exquisite specimens of Indian art, many of which date back to 1192.
The complex has been approved by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site
Mountain Railways of India
Mountain Railways of India are the railway lines that were built in the mountains of India.
Three of them, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and
The Kalka-Shimla Railway has been collectively named as the UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name “Mountain Railways of India”. Fourth Railway,
The Matheran Hill Railway is on a temporary list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. All four are narrow-gauge railways, and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway is also the only rack railway in India.
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya
Mahabodhi Temple is located in Bodh Gaya, which is 96 kilometers from Patna city in the Bihar State of India.
There is a Bodh temple here, it is said that Lord Buddha attained enlightenment here.
Here is a descendant of the sacred Bodhi tree, the Bodhi tree is the tree under which Bhagwan Buddha attained enlightenment. It has been a major pilgrimage site for Hindus and Buddhists for over two thousand years.
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
Bhimbetka is a Palaeolithic residential shrine located in Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh province, India.
It is famous for rock paintings and rock formations made by Adi-Humans. These paintings are believed to be from the Palaeolithic to the Mesolithic period. These paintings are the oldest icons of human life in the Indian subcontinent.
The site is located 75 km southeast of Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh. They were discovered by Dr. Vishnu Sridhar Wakankar in the year 1958-1957.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)
The terminal, formerly known as Victoria Terminal, is today known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, a historic railway station in the heart of Mumbai. Built-in 1888,
The station is a stark reminder of the British Raj in India and is still one of the most historic sites within the central business district of Mumbai.
It has been a major witness to the growth of the city, growth of business and growth of the Indian film industry. It has seen Bombay transition to Mumbai.
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park
Pavagadh Archaeological Park, located in the Panchmahal district of Gujarat state of India, It became a world heritage site in 2008.
It contains prehistoric Chalcolithic sites, a palace and fort of the ancient Hindu state capital, and the remains of a sixteenth-century Gujarat state capital.
There are many sites from the eighth century to the fourteenth century, including other medals, forts, Havelis, religious buildings, residential enclosures, agricultural signs, and water supply construction works.
Red Fort Complex
The Red Fort is a historic fort in the city of Delhi in India, which has been the main residence of the Mughal emperors. Every year on India’s Independence Day (15 August),
The Prime Minister hoists the Indian “tricolor flag” at the main gate of the fort and spends its name on the ramparts.
The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is an astronomical observatory built by Sawai Jaisingh between 1826 and 1834. It is included in UNESCO’s ‘World Heritage List’.
There are 14 major instruments in this observatory, which are helpful in measuring time, predicting eclipses, knowing the speed and position of a star, knowing the problems of planets in the solar system, etc.
Looking at these instruments shows that the people of India had such deep knowledge of complex concepts of mathematics and astronomy that they could form these concepts into an ‘educational observatory’ so that anyone could know them and their benefits Could take
The mountain range on the west coast of India is called the Western Ghats or Sahyadris. Along the western side of the Deccan Plateau,
This mountain range is 1600 kilometers in length from north to south. It is very important for biological diversity in the world and in this view it is ranked 8th in the world.
It starts at the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra and ends at Kanyakumari via Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. In 2012, UNESCO has declared 39 places in the Western Ghats region as World Heritage Sites.
Hill Forts of Rajasthan
The six hill forts of Rajasthan, spread across the state of Rajasthan in northern India, are simultaneously included as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
All these forts are mainly located on the Aravalli mountain range and were built and extended between the 5th and 18th centuries by several Rajput kings in various states. they include:
- Kakod Tonk in Chittorgarh
- Kumbhalgarh Fort in Kumbhalgarh
- Ranthambore Fort in Sawai Madhopur
- Gagaron Fort in Jhalawar
- Amber Fort of Jaipur
- Jaisalmer Fort in Jaisalmer
Some of these forts have a 20-km-long, still-poor urban center and still a defensive fortification wall in the water harvesting system
Rani ki vav (The Queen’s Stepwell)
Rani Ki Vav is a famous stepwell (stepwell) located in Patan in the Gujarat state of India.
It was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site on 22 June 2014. Rani Ki Bawi was launched in July 2018 by RBI (Reserve Bank of India) for ₹ 100 Featured on the Currency
Patan was earlier known as ‘Anhilpur’, the former capital of Gujarat. It is said that Rani ki Vav (Bawdi) was built in the year 1063 by his wife Rani Udayamati in memory of Rajput King Bhimdev I of Solanki ruler.
The founder of the Solanki dynasty was Mulraj.
The stairwell containing the ladder was once filled with silt due to the waters of the Saraswati river. This wav is 64 meters long, 20 meters wide and 27 meters deep. It is one of its kind in India.
The pillars of the Vav lead back to the times of the Solanki dynasty and their architectural marvels. Most of the carvings on the walls and pillars of the Vava are dedicated to Lord Vishnu in various forms of incarnations like Rama, Vamana, Mahishasuramardini, Kalki, etc.
Great Himalayan National Park
One of the national parks of India is the Great Himalayan National Park, which is located in the Kullu region in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
The park is spread over an area of 1,171 km2 at an altitude of 1500 to 6000 meters which were established in 1984.
The Great Himalayan National Park is home to many flora and species of over 375 fauna, including about 31 mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annular, 17 mollusks, and 127 insects.
They are protected under strict guidelines of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972; Therefore, no hunting is allowed here.
Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavidyalaya Bihar
It is located in the city of Rajgir in the northern Indian state of Bihar. Nalanda was an ancient university in the ancient state of Magadha, India.
It was the first fully residential university in the world. In the developed condition, it had about 10,000 students and 2000 teachers.
The site is located about 95 km southeast of Patna near the city of Bihar Sharif and was an important center of learning from the 5th century to the 12th century.
Khangchendzonga National Park
Kanchenjunga National Park is a national park located in the state of Sikkim, India. The park is named after the Kanchenjunga mountain.
Which is 858 meters (24,149 feet) high and is the third highest peak in the world. The total area of this park is 1784 sq. Which is 25.14% of the total area of Sikkim.
The Architectural Work Of Le Corbusier
The park is home to snow leopards, Himalayan black bears, Tibetan antelope, wild ass, kakad, musk deer, flying squirrels and red pandas who find refuge among the forests of magnolia, burns, and cedars.
Historic City of Ahmedabad
Old Ahmedabad is a part of the Ahmedabad city of Gujarat state in India. It was founded by Ahmad Shah I in 1711 as the Gujarat Sultanate.
Since then it remained the capital of the Gujarat Sultanate and an important political and commercial center of Gujarat.
Even today, despite being dense and congested, the heart of modern Ahmedabad city remains. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2014.
The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai
The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble is the only 19th century and 20th century Victorian Neo-Gothic public building and art deco building group.
The Indian state of Maharashtra is in the Fort area of Mumbai.
This group of buildings was added to the list of World Heritage Sites during the 42nd session of the World Heritage Committee in Manama, Bahrain on 30 June 2014
Jaipur is the capital of Indian state Rajasthan, It is also known as Pink City. As Amer, it has also been the capital of the ancient Rajwados, known as Jaipur.
The city was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amer in .
Jaipur is famous for its rich building construction, tradition, culture and historical significance. The city is surrounded by the Aravalli ranges on three sides.
The city of Jaipur is identified with the pink Dholpuri stones in its palaces and old houses, which is a specialty of its architecture.
In the then, Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh decorated the entire city with pink colour to welcome Prince of Wales Crown, Prince Albert, to the Queen of England [Elizabeth]. The city was named Pink City.
So all these are World Heritage Sites of India.